On the Unreasonable Effectiveness of CNNs

Deep learning methods using convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been successfully applied to virtually all imaging problems, and particularly in image reconstruction tasks with ill-posed and complicated imaging models. In an attempt to put upper bounds on the capability of baseline CNNs for solving image-to-image problems we applied a widely used standard off-the-shelf network architecture (U-Net) to the "inverse problem" of XOR decryption from noisy data and show acceptable results.